The Regions of Portugal

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Diversified Regions

 

The Regions of Portugal 

 

Portugal is divided into 7 different NUTS II (“Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics), corresponding to its “regions”: North; Centre; Lisbon Metropolitan Area; Alentejo; Algarve; Autonomous Region of the Azores; Autonomous Region of Madeira – which have been divided into 25 NUTS III, becoming “administrative units”, corresponding to “sub-regions” (23 Inter-municipal communities in continental Portugal).


Alongside NUTS, continental Portugal is divided into 18 Districts (Aveiro, Beja, Braga, Bragança, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa, Portalegre, Porto, Santarém, Setúbal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real and Viseu).


The regions of Alentejo, Centre and North hold the largest areas of territory and the Autonomous Region of Madeira is the smallest.

 

Regions

NUTS II (version 2013)

Total Population (2014)

Active Population (2014)

GDP (2013)

GDP per capita (PPP)

a) (2013) 

Thousands

Thousands

Millions €

Thousands

UE28=100

Portugal

10,375

5,226

171,211

16.4

79

North

3,622

1,834

48,668

13.3

64

Centre

2,264

1,170

32,123

14.0

68

Lisbon Metropolitan Area

2,809

1,383

63,902

22.7

110

Alentejo

733

358

11,275

15.1

73

Algarve

441

227

7,310

16.5

79

Azores AR

246

122

3,694

14.9

72

Madeira AR

259

131

4,071

15.5

75

 

Source: INE– Instituto Nacional de Estatística

Note: a) at PPP - Purchasing Power Parity

 

In 2014 the North, Centre and Lisbon held around 84% of the Portuguese population.


The school attendance rate has risen significantly in recent years, particularly regarding secondary school. The regions of Lisbon, Centre and North had the highest school attendance rates, at a university level, in 2012/2013.


In 2012 there were over 300 higher education establishments, of which 67% of these were located in the North and Lisbon areas. In the school year of 2012/2013 there were over 371,000 students enrolling into University; business management was the most popular subject (15.5%), followed by engineering (15.1%) and health-related subject (13.8%). The number of enrolled students in both scientific and technological areas represented, in 2012/2013, around 30% of the total enrolment rate.


The Lisbon, North and Centre regions held over 92% of the students enrolled in higher education in 2012/2013.

 

Around 66% of the country’s R&D units are located in the North and Lisbon regions.


Between 2010 and 2014 the working population with higher education rose to 34%.


In 2013 the regions with the highest percentage of working population with higher education were Lisbon (20% of the total in the region), Algarve (19%), North and Madeira (18% each).

 

The GDP per capita (at PPP) in 2013, corresponded to a 79% average of the EU28. In terms of NUTS II, only Lisbon (110%) exceeded the European average, while the Algarve remained equal (79%). In the North and Centre Regions the GPD per capita (at PPP) was of 64% and 68%, respectively.


The non-financial companies (which represent over 98% of the Portuguese corporate structure and 90% of the GVA), noticed, between 2010 and 2013 a decline in its main economical indicators. The number of companies decreased on average by 1.4% per year in the period, the business volume 3.1%, and the gross value added 4,9%.


The North, Lisbon and Centre Regions hold 84% of the total of Portuguese companies and 89% of the companies connected to the processing industry.


In terms of Apparent Labour Productivity, only Lisbon was above the national average (21.7 thousand Euros per worker in 2013).


The weight of investment in gross value added (GVA) did not surpass the national average (15.8% in 2013) only in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, North and Madeira.


The companies based in Lisbon represented 27.8% of the total of non financial companies, having generated 47.3% of the national business volume and 46.8% of the national Gross Value Added in 2013.


In the whole of the processing industry, the country’s North region leads the business volume (36% of the total), followed by Lisbon (34%) and the Centre (23%).

 

Regions NUTS II (version 2013)

Companies(a) 2013

Apparent Labour Productivity (b)  2013

Investment Rate (c) 2013

Exports of Goods (d) 2014

Imports of Goods (d) 2014

Thousands

Thousands €/

Employment

%

Millions €

%

Millions €

%

Portugal

1,097

21.71

15.81

48,177

100.0

58,854

100.0

North

374

18.20

14.66

18,256

37.9

12,838

21.8

Centre

239

18.16

16.28

9,236

19.2

7,358

12.5

Lisbon Metropolitan Area

305

28.96

15.12

15,475

32.1

31,933

54.3

Alentejo

76

17.85

28.43

2,881

6.0

2,211

3.8

Algarve

55

13.10

16.27

145

0.3

215

0.4

Azores AR

25

17.38

19.27

102

0.2

132

0.2

Madeira AR

23

18.67

13.14

124

0.3

121

0.2

 

Source: INE - Instituto Nacional de Estatística
Notes:  a) Non financial companies
b) Apparent Labour Productivity - GVA (factor cost)/Employment
c) Investment Rate - GFCF/GVA 
d) Import and Export of goods - 2014 preliminary numbers. The amount given to Portugal may not correspond to the sum of the totality of Regions.

 

The exporting companies of the North, Lisbon Metropolitan Area and Centre Regions secured around 89% of the sales of Portuguese goods to the exterior in 2014.


The Regions of Madeira, North, Algarve and Centre registered a higher growth in exports for the year of 2014, compared to the previous year (48%, 6%, 5% and 4%, respectively).


However, during the period of 2012-2014, the North and Centre region exports showed the largest growth rates (+4.3% and +3.5% annual average, in comparison to the +3.2% national average), followed by the regions of Madeira and Alentejo (+2.9% and +2.6%, respectively).


Note:
*Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. The new organization of the Portuguese regions for statistical purposes was implemented by the European Commission Regulation nº 868/2014, of August 8th 2014, and establishes alterations to the NUTS III which have now territorial limits in Continental Portugal, coinciding with the Intermunicipal Entity Limits, established in the Law nº 75/2013, September 12th. The new regional division system (NUTS 2013) began being implemented by the National Statistical System and European on January 1st 2015. The Portuguese territory structure, according to the new NUTS (2013 version) is formed by 3 NUTS I (Continental Portugal, Azores Autonomous Region and Madeira Autonomous Region); 7 NUTS II (North, Centre, Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Alentejo, Algarve, Azores AR and Madeira AR) and 25 NUTS III (23 Intermunicipal Entities in Continental Portugal and both Autonomous Regions).

 

 

Additional information:  

GEE - Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos (Ministério da Economia)

INE - Instituto Nacional de Estatística

 

Norte / North

CCDRN – Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Norte 

Região Norte em Números - 2013 

Anuário Estatístico da Região Norte - 2013

  

Centro  / Centre

CCDRC – Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Centro  

Região Centro em Números - 2013 

Anuário Estatístico da Região Centro - 2013

 

Área Metropolitana de Lisboa / Lisbon Metropolitan Area

CCDR LVT – Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional de Lisboa e Vale do Tejo 

Região Lisboa em Números - 2013 

Anuário Estatístico da Região de Lisboa – 2013

 

Alentejo

CCDRA – Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Alentejo  

Região Alentejo em Números - 2013 

Anuário Estatístico da Região Alentejo - 2013

 

Algarve

CCDR ALG – Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Algarve  

Região Algarve em Números – 2013 

Anuário Estatístico da Região Algarve – 2013 

 

Região Autónoma dos Açores  / Azores Autonomous Region 

Governo da Região Autónoma dos Açores  

SDEA - Sociedade para o Desenvolvimento Empresarial dos Açores 

SREA - Serviço Regional de Estatísticas dos Açores   

Anuário Estatístico da Região Autónoma dos Açores - 2013

  

Região Autónoma da Madeira / Madeira Autonomous Region 

Governo da Região Autónoma da Madeira  

DREM - Direção Regional de Estatísticas da Madeira  

Anuário Estatístico da Região Autónoma da Madeira - 2013

 

 
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